Goddess Siddhidatri is the ninth and final form of Goddess Durga in Hindu mythology. The word “Siddhi” means supernatural power or meditative ability, and Dhatri means giver. Goddess Siddhidatri is a powerful and benevolent deity who grants her devotees with supernatural powers and blessings.
She possesses eight supernatural powers, or siddhis, called Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakambya, Ishitva and Vashitva. Anima means reducing one’s body to the size of an atom; Mahima means expanding one’s body to an infinitely large size; Garima means becoming infinitely heavy; Laghima means becoming weightless; Prapti means having omnipresent; Prakambya achieving whatever one desires; Ishitva means possessing absolute lordship; and Vashitva means having the power to subjugate all. Lord Shiva was blessed with all eight powers by Goddess Siddhidatri.
Goddess Siddhidatri is depicted sitting on a lotus flower with four arms, holding a discus, a conch shell, a trident, and a mace. She is also sometimes depicted with eight arms, holding various weapons and symbols of power. Her vehicle or vahana is a lion. Goddess Siddhidatri provides direction and energy to planet Ketu. Hence planet Ketu is governed by her.
There are several stories associated with the origin and power of Goddess Siddhidatri. The festival of Navratri is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Siddhidatri and her eight other forms. During this festival, people offer prayers and perform rituals to seek the blessings of the Goddess for prosperity, happiness, and success in life.
According to legend, Lord Shiva appealed to Adi-Parashakti the female goddess for the creation of life in the universe. Their combination came to be called Ardhanarishwara, meaning half-female and half-male forms of Lord Shiva.
There is an interesting story behind the creation of the universe. It is believed that Goddess Mahashakti gave birth to the Trinity – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Acting on her advice, the Trimurti sat on the bank of an ocean and performed penances for many years. This pleased Goddess Siddhidhatri who appeared before them and created Lakshmi, Saraswati and Parvati. Goddess Siddhidhatri tasked Brahma to create the world, Vishnu to preserve it and Shiva to destroy the world at the appropriate time. Goddess Siddhidhatri also told them that their powers were in the form of their respective wives, who will help them perform their tasks and also provided them with eight supernatural powers, nine treasures and ten other supernatural powers or potentialities. The two parts, man and woman, created devas and devis, daityas, danavas, asuras, Gandharvas, yakshas, apsaras, bhutas, heavenly beings, mythical creatures, plants, aquatic, terrestrial and aerial animals, nagas, garudas and many more species. The world was now full of innumerable stars, galaxies and constellations. The solar system was complete with the nine planets and Earth – a firm landmass surrounded by vast oceans, lakes, streams, rivers and other water bodies.
According to Vedic scriptures, Lord Shiva attained all the siddhis by worshipping the Goddess Siddhidatri for years together without consuming food or water. Pleased with his devotion, Goddess Siddhidatri appeared before him and granted him all the Siddhis. It is believed that Lord Shiva performed intense penance to attain all the Siddhis or supernatural powers. Goddess Siddhidatri was so pleased with Lord Shiva’s devotion that she also granted him the power to bestow these Siddhis upon others. From then on, Lord Shiva became known as “Siddheshwara” or the Lord of Siddhis.
Another legend associated with Goddess Siddhidatri states that Arjuna faced several challenges and obstacles during the battle of Mahabharata so he sought the help of Lord Krishna, who advised him to worship Goddess Siddhidatri. Arjuna did as he was told and prayed before Goddess Siddhidatri for nine days during the Navratri festival. Pleased with his devotion, the Goddess granted him the power to defeat his enemies and emerge victorious in battle. Since then, it is believed that anyone who worships Goddess Siddhidatri during Navratri can attain success, prosperity, and victory in life.
There is yet another legend which states that the demon king, Ravana, was a great devotee of Goddess Siddhidatri. He worshipped her with great devotion and received many boons from her. It is believed that Ravana’s ten heads represent the ten directions, and by worshipping Goddess Siddhidatri, he gained control over all the ten directions.
Navaratri Day 9: Significance
The ninth and final day of Navaratri is known as Mahanavami or Navami. It is a significant day for Hindus as it marks the culmination of the nine-day-long festival, which celebrates the triumph of good over evil.
On this day, people offer prayers to Goddess Siddhidatri, the ninth form of Goddess Durga, who represents the power of accomplishment and attainment. She is believed to grant her devotees supernatural powers and blessings.
Mahanavami is considered an auspicious day for starting new ventures or ventures that require success and accomplishment. It is also believed to be a day when the divine energies of the universe are at their peak, making it an ideal time for spiritual and religious activities.
In some parts of India, Kanya Puja or Kumari Puja is performed on this day, where young girls are worshipped as representations of the nine forms of Goddess Durga. This ritual is believed to represent the nurturing and protective aspect of the Divine Mother.
The festival of Navaratri ends on Mahanavami with the immersion of the idol of Goddess Durga in water bodies. This symbolizes the victory of good over evil and the triumph of righteousness over injustice.
The colour associated with the ninth and final day of Navaratri, Mahanavami or Navami, is purple. This colour symbolizes power, luxury, and spirituality. In Hindu mythology, purple is considered a royal colour, and it is often associated with divine feminine energy and the attainment of spiritual knowledge.
During Navaratri, people often wear purple-coloured clothes, decorate their homes and puja rooms with purple flowers, and offer purple-coloured sweets and fruits as offerings to the Goddess.
Overall, the colour purple is considered auspicious and significant on Mahanavami as it represents the power and spiritual attainment associated with the worship of Goddess Siddhidatri.
In general the puja vidhi or ritual for worshipping Goddess Siddhidatri on Mahanavami or the ninth day of Navaratri is as follows:
- Purify yourself by taking a bath and wearing clean clothes.
- Set up the puja area with a clean cloth or mat and place the idol or picture of Goddess Siddhidatri on a pedestal.
- Offer flowers, fruits, and other offerings to the Goddess.
- Light a diya (lamp) and incense sticks.
- Chant the following mantras:
- Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah
- Om Hreem Shreem Kleem Siddhidatryai Namah
- Offer red hibiscus flowers to the Goddess, as they are considered her favourite.
- Recite the Durga Chalisa or any other prayer dedicated to Goddess Durga.
- Perform the aarti, waving a camphor flame in front of the idol or picture of the Goddess.
- Seek the blessings of the Goddess and pray for success, prosperity, and well-being.
- Conclude the puja by distributing prasad (offered sweets) among family members and friends.
The bhog offerings for Goddess Siddhidatri are usually simple vegetarian dishes prepared with utmost purity and devotion. These include kheer, halwa, poori-chana, purple-coloured fruits like grapes and plums, milk, honey, ghee, coconut and jaggery. After the puja is over, this bhog or prasad may be distributed among family and friends
In some parts of the country, people also prepare a special type of bhog known as Navami Bhog, using nine different grains and lentils to please the Goddess and seek her blessings of success, prosperity, and well-being. This dish symbolizes the nine forms of Goddess Durga and is offered to seek her blessings and protection.
In Hindu mythology, different deities have different flowers associated with them. For example, Goddess Durga’s favourite flower is the marigold, while Lord Vishnu is worshipped with lotus flowers. Similarly, the red hibiscus flower is supposed to be the favourite flower of Goddess Siddhidatri. The choice of flowers for worship is based on regional and personal traditions.
ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्र्यै नमः॥
Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah॥
Salutations to Goddess Siddhidatri
सिद्ध गन्धर्व यक्षाद्यैरसुरैरमरैरपि।
सेव्यमाना सदा भूयात् सिद्धिदा सिद्धिदायिनी॥
Siddha Gandharva Yakshadyairasurairamarairapi।
Sevyamana Sada Bhuyat Siddhida Siddhidayini॥
“May the Siddha Gandharvas, Yakshas, and even the gods and demons serve you always, O Siddhi Dayini, the giver of accomplishments.”
The verse is addressed to the goddess Siddhidayini, who is believed to be a form of the Hindu goddess Durga. The verse expresses the wish that the goddess may bestow her blessings and accomplishments on her devotees, and that they may be served by various celestial beings such as the Siddha Gandharvas (a type of celestial musician) and Yakshas (a type of nature spirit).
या देवी सर्वभूतेषु माँ सिद्धिदात्री रूपेण संस्थिता। नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥
Ya Devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Siddhidatri Rupena Samsthita।
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah॥
O Devi, who is present in the form of Siddhidatri in all beings, I bow to you again and again with reverence.
The repetition of the phrase “Namastasyai” (I bow to you) emphasizes the intensity of the devotee’s devotion and reverence towards the goddess.
वन्दे वाञ्छित मनोरथार्थ चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।
कमलस्थिताम् चतुर्भुजा सिद्धीदात्री यशस्विनीम्॥
स्वर्णवर्णा निर्वाणचक्र स्थिताम् नवम् दुर्गा त्रिनेत्राम्।
शङ्ख, चक्र, गदा, पद्मधरां सिद्धीदात्री भजेम्॥
पटाम्बर परिधानां मृदुहास्या नानालङ्कार भूषिताम्।
मञ्जीर, हार, केयूर, किङ्किणि रत्नकुण्डल मण्डिताम्॥
प्रफुल्ल वन्दना पल्लवाधरां कान्त कपोला पीन पयोधराम्।
कमनीयां लावण्यां श्रीणकटिं निम्ननाभि नितम्बनीम्॥
Vande Vanchhita Manorathartha Chandrardhakritashekharam।
Kamalasthitam Chaturbhuja Siddhidatri Yashasvinim॥
Swarnavarnna Nirvanachakra Sthitam Navam Durga Trinetram।
Shankha, Chakra, Gada, Padmadharam Siddhidatri Bhajem॥
Patambara Paridhanam Mriduhasya Nanalankara Bhushitam।
Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala Manditam॥
Praphulla Vandana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Pin Payodharam।
Kamaniyam Lavanyam Shrinakati Nimnanabhi Nitambanim॥
I salute Siddhidatri, who is adorned with the half-moon on her forehead, and who fulfills the desired objectives of her devotees. She has four arms, and is seated on a lotus.
She is of golden complexion, seated on the Nirvana Chakra, and is the ninth form of Durga with three eyes. She holds a conch, a discus, a mace, and a lotus in her hands.
She is draped in a red saree and adorned with various ornaments. She wears ankle bells, necklaces, bracelets, and earrings studded with precious stones.
She is beautiful, with a charming face and full breasts. She is adorned with a girdle and has a slender waist.
कञ्चनाभा शङ्खचक्रगदापद्मधरा मुकुटोज्वलो।
स्मेरमुखी शिवपत्नी सिद्धिदात्री नमोऽस्तुते॥
पटाम्बर परिधानां नानालङ्कार भूषिताम्।
नलिस्थिताम् नलनार्क्षी सिद्धीदात्री नमोऽस्तुते॥
परमानन्दमयी देवी परब्रह्म परमात्मा।
परमशक्ति, परमभक्ति, सिद्धिदात्री नमोऽस्तुते॥
विश्वकर्ती, विश्वभर्ती, विश्वहर्ती, विश्वप्रीता।
विश्व वार्चिता, विश्वातीता सिद्धिदात्री नमोऽस्तुते॥
भवसागर तारिणी सिद्धिदात्री नमोऽस्तुते॥
धर्मार्थकाम प्रदायिनी महामोह विनाशिनीं।
मोक्षदायिनी सिद्धीदायिनी सिद्धिदात्री नमोऽस्तुते॥
Kanchanabha Shankhachakragadapadmadhara Mukatojvalo।
Smeramukhi Shivapatni Siddhidatri Namoastute॥
Patambara Paridhanam Nanalankara Bhushitam।
Nalisthitam Nalanarkshi Siddhidatri Namoastute॥
Paramanandamayi Devi Parabrahma Paramatma।
Paramashakti, Paramabhakti, Siddhidatri Namoastute॥
Vishvakarti, Vishvabharti, Vishvaharti, Vishvaprita।
Vishva Varchita, Vishvatita Siddhidatri Namoastute॥
Bhavasagara Tarini Siddhidatri Namoastute॥
Dharmarthakama Pradayini Mahamoha Vinashinim।
Mokshadayini Siddhidayini Siddhidatri Namoastute॥
Salutations to Devi Siddhidatri, who is present in the form of a wish-fulfilling moon on the head of Lord Shiva, who has four arms and is seated on a lotus. She is adorned with a golden hue and is positioned at the Nirvana Chakra, the ninth chakra in the human body, with three eyes and holding a conch, a discus, a mace, and a lotus.
Salutations to Siddhidatri, who is adorned with various ornaments, and wears a silk garment. She is seated on a lotus flower and holds a blue lotus in her hand.
Salutations to Siddhidatri, the consort of Lord Shiva, who has a radiant face, wear a beautiful crown, and has a smiling face. She is dressed in a silk garment and is adorned with various ornaments such as bracelets, necklaces, and earrings. She has a slender waist and a charming appearance.
Salutations to Siddhidatri, the supreme goddess who is the creator, sustainer, and destroyer of the universe. She is worshipped by the whole world and is beyond worldly attachments. She bestows blessings and fulfilment of desires and is the ultimate power and source of all knowledge.
Salutations to Siddhidatri, who grants both material and spiritual happiness, removes the sufferings of her devotees and helps them cross the ocean of existence. She is the giver of righteousness, wealth, and pleasure, and is the destroyer of the great illusion.
Salutations to Siddhidatri, who is the giver of liberation and bestower of all the accomplishments. She is the destroyer of all the sins and miseries and grants the ultimate realization and attainment of all the goals of life.
ॐकारः पातु शीर्षो माँ, ऐं बीजम् माँ हृदयो।
हीं बीजम् सदापातु नभो गृहो च पादयो॥
ललाट कर्णो श्रीं बीजम् पातु क्लीं बीजम् माँ नेत्रम् घ्राणो।
कपोल चिबुको हसौ पातु जगत्प्रसूत्यै माँ सर्ववदनो॥
Omkarah Patu Shirsho Maa, Aim Bijam Maa Hridayo।
Him Bijam Sadapatu Nabho Griho Cha Padayo॥
Lalata Karno Shrim Bijam Patu Klim Bijam Maa Netram Ghrano।
Kapola Chibuko Hasau Patu Jagatprasutyai Maa Sarvavadano॥
May the sound of Om protect my head, may the seed mantra Aim protect my heart, may the seed mantra Hrim always protect my sky, home and feet.
May the seed mantra Shrim protect my forehead and ears, may the seed mantra Klim protect my eyes and nose, may the syllables Ha and Sau protect my cheeks, and may the Divine Mother protect me always.
This prayer is chanted to gain protection and invocation of the energy and blessings of the goddess.
जय सिद्धिदात्री माँ तू सिद्धि की दाता। तु भक्तों की रक्षक तू दासों की माता॥
तेरा नाम लेते ही मिलती है सिद्धि। तेरे नाम से मन की होती है शुद्धि॥
कठिन काम सिद्ध करती हो तुम। जभी हाथ सेवक के सिर धरती हो तुम॥
तेरी पूजा में तो ना कोई विधि है। तू जगदम्बें दाती तू सर्व सिद्धि है॥
रविवार को तेरा सुमिरन करे जो। तेरी मूर्ति को ही मन में धरे जो॥
तू सब काज उसके करती है पूरे। कभी काम उसके रहे ना अधूरे॥
तुम्हारी दया और तुम्हारी यह माया। रखे जिसके सिर पर मैया अपनी छाया॥
सर्व सिद्धि दाती वह है भाग्यशाली। जो है तेरे दर का ही अम्बें सवाली॥
हिमाचल है पर्वत जहां वास तेरा। महा नंदा मंदिर में है वास तेरा॥
मुझे आसरा है तुम्हारा ही माता। भक्ति है सवाली तू जिसकी दाता॥
Victory to you, Siddhidatri, you who grant success,
You are the protector of devotees, the mother of servants.
As soon as your name is invoked, success is achieved,
Purity is attained by uttering your name.
You accomplish difficult tasks, whenever your devotees put their faith in you,
In your worship, there are no rules or regulations,
You are the mother of the universe, the giver of all success.
Whoever remembers you on Sunday and meditates on your form,
You fulfil all their wishes and desires and never leave any work incomplete.
Your mercy and your magic, protect those who take shelter under you,
You are the giver of all success, and bless those who come to your temple.
Your abode is in the Himalayas and in the great Nanda temple,
I have faith in you, mother, you who grant devotion to your devotees.