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HomeLIFESTYLETop 12 species of pet dogs to keep at home

Top 12 species of pet dogs to keep at home

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Owning a dog is a responsibility – not a privilege. Dogs do not just depend on us for food and shelter, they deserve much more. While breed standards can give a general impression about the traits of the breed in general, each individual dog can have unique behaviour, personality or temperament depending on factors like genetics, socialization, training, and environment. Even within the same breed, you may find variations in energy levels, trainability, sociability, and other traits.

This is all the more reason why you should spend time with individual dogs, interact with them, and learn about their specific personality before making a decision to bring one into your home.

English Cocker Spaniel

The English Cocker Spaniels are friendly, affectionate, and gentle in nature. They are highly sociable dogs and get along well with people, children, and other pets. They are intelligent and eager to please and relatively easy to train. They have a moderate energy level and enjoy both physical exercise and mental stimulation. English Cocker Spaniels are medium-sized dogs with a well-balanced and compact bodies. An average, dog of this breed is about 15 – 17 inches high and weighs between 12-15 kg. The English Cocker Spaniels is an active dog and requires regular exercise, daily walks, and play. They have a natural instinct for hunting and retrieving, so activities like obedience training, agility, or participating in field trials can be enjoyable for them.

The English Cocker Spaniel requires regular grooming, brushing and regular bathing to keep it clean and healthy. The average lifespan of an English Cocker Spaniel is around 12 to 15 years but proper care, a nutritious diet, and regular exercise can improve longevity. They thrive in an environment where they receive love, attention, mental stimulation, and regular exercise. Early socialization and consistent training are important to ensure they develop into well-mannered and well-adjusted dogs.

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Old English sheepdog

The Old English sheepdog, also known as the Bobtail is a large, friendly, affectionate, and gentle dog. An adult Old English sheepdog typically is 21 – 24 inches high (at the shoulder) and weighs between 27-45 kg. Old English Sheepdogs make excellent family pets. They are friendly, intelligent and trainable, but can sometimes be independent and stubborn. Early socialization and consistent training can ensure that they grow up to be well-behaved dogs. They have moderate exercise needs and enjoy participating in activities such as obedience training, agility, and herding trials.

The Old English sheepdog has a thick, long, and shaggy coat that requires regular grooming and needs brushing at least a few times a week, particularly during shedding seasons.

The lifespan of an average Old English sheepdog is around 10 to 12 years, although some dogs may live longer with the help of proper care, nutrition, and veterinary check-ups.


The Dachshund also called “sausage dog” because of its elongated appearance is a small medium-sized dog. The dogs of this breed have long bodies, short legs, and elongated shapes. Dachshunds are generally affectionate, loyal, and intelligent dogs but can also be stubborn at times. They are loyal towards their owners and make good family pets.

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Dachshunds have moderate exercise needs. They need daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation to keep them physically and mentally satisfied. They can adapt to apartment living but still require regular exercise to prevent weight gain. The average lifespan of a Dachshund is typically between 12 to 16 years.

English bulldog

The English Bulldog is a medium-sized dog breed known for its distinctive appearance and calm, friendly demeanour. English Bulldogs are friendly, gentle, affectionate and patient, but can be protective towards their family if the need arises. They get along well with children and other pets. English Bulldogs are “sensitive souls” and thrive on human companionship.

English Bulldogs have relatively low exercise needs compared to other breeds and are prone to overheating due to their short snouts. The average lifespan of an English bulldog is typically between 8 to 10 years, although some Bulldogs can live longer given proper care and attention.

French bulldog

The French Bulldog often referred to as Frenchie is a friendly, sociable, and playful dog. French Bulldogs are popular companion dogs, known for their loving and sociable nature. They form strong bonds with their owners and get along well with children and other animals.

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French Bulldogs have moderate exercise needs. They are content with daily walks and interactive play sessions. However, they are prone to gain weight, hence need regular exercise to keep them fit and prevent obesity. The average lifespan of a French bulldog is typically between 10 to 12 years.


The Pomeranian is a small and fluffy breed of dog with a fox-like face, bright expressive eyes and small erect ears. They have a profuse double coat and a distinctive plume-like tail that curls over their back. Pomeranians are popular companion dogs, which drive their name from Pomerania now a part of Poland and Germany. Pomeranians gained popularity during the 18th century because of the craze among British royals, including Queen Victoria. Even Queen Victoria owned a small Pomeranian.

Pomeranians are lively and energetic dogs, which despite their small size may exhibit a “big dog” attitude. They are generally friendly and affectionate but reserved or wary of strangers.  Pomeranians require regular exercise to keep them mentally stimulated and physically fit. They prefer daily walks, play sessions, and interactive toys. They can adapt well to apartment living but should have opportunities for outdoor activities and socialization.

The Pomeranian ranks as the 27th most intelligent dog and is among the most popular dog breeds in the United States. Pomeranians have a relatively long lifespan- about 12 – 16 years with proper care, and veterinary attention.

German shepherd

The German Shepherd is truly a dog lover’s delight. German Shepherds have a distinct wolf-like appearance with erect ears, and a long, bushy tail. German Shepherds are one of the most intelligent and loyal dog breeds known to have excellent problem-solving skills to quickly analyze and understand situations, to find solutions to please their owners. This ability makes them versatile dogs capable of performing multiple tasks. They have a natural inclination to follow command making them ideal for disability assistance, search-and-rescue, police work, and warfare.

German Shepherds as the name implies were originally developed in Germany by Captain Max von Stephanitz in the late 19th century.  The breed lives about 10-12 years and is considered to be smart and easy to train. They have a remarkable capacity to understand and retain information, making them adaptable to different training techniques and environments.


The Samoyed is a medium-sized beautiful and friendly breed of dog known for its striking appearance and fluffy white coat. Samoyeds are friendly, gentle, and sociable. They get along well with children and other pets. Samoyeds have a friendly disposition towards strangers, which may make them less effective as guard dogs. They thrive on human companionship and can experience separation anxiety if left alone for long periods.

Samoyeds are active and energetic dogs. They like walking, running, and playing. Samoyeds have a vocal nature and often bark to communicate their needs or express excitement. Samoyeds are popular companion dogs due to their friendly and sociable nature. They thrive in homes where they receive ample attention, exercise, and mental stimulation. Their striking appearance and gentle temperament make them wonderful family pets for those who can provide them with the care and love they need.

The Samoyed breed originated from Siberia where they were used for herding reindeer, pulling sledges, and keeping their owners warm during the frigid Arctic winters. Samoyeds were brought to other parts of the world in the late 19th century and gained popularity as companion dogs.

Tibetan Mastiff

The Tibetan Mastiff is a large and powerful breed of dog with a strong build and a heavy, thick coat. They have broad heads, deep-set eyes, and a distinct mane around their neck and shoulders. They have a bushy tail that curls over their back. The Tibetan Mastiffs are one of the largest dog breeds in the world. Males can reach heights of 26 inches or more at the shoulder and weigh between 41 to 68 kg. Their size and strength make them an impressive and formidable presence. Tibetan Mastiffs are known for their protective and territorial nature. They are reserved by nature; loyal towards their masters and wary of strangers.  

Tibetan Mastiffs originated in the Tibetan Himalayas where they were used to guard herds, monasteries, and villages. Tibetan Mastiffs descended from ancient large mastiff-type dogs. They have a long history of guarding livestock and property. Tibetan Mastiffs have moderate exercise needs. They require daily walks and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. While they can adapt to various living environments, they generally thrive in homes with a large securely fenced yard that allows them to move around freely. They are not recommended for apartment living due to their size and exercise requirements.

Tibetan Mastiffs are intelligent dogs, but they may not always be eager to please. Tibetan Mastiffs require an experienced and dedicated owner which makes them best suited for individuals who have previous experience with large and protective breeds — who can provide them with proper training, socialization, and a secure environment.


Bloodhounds are large, powerful dogs known for their incredible sense of smell and gentle temperament. Bloodhounds have a strong and sturdy build, with males typically weighing between 41 to 50 kg and females slightly lighter. Bloodhounds have an exceptional sense of smell – one of the most accurate among all dog breeds. Their olfactory abilities allow them to track scents over long distances and work as tracking and trailing dogs. This is why Bloodhounds are used for search and rescue operations, as well as in criminal investigations.

Bloodhounds are generally friendly, gentle, and calm dogs often referred to as “gentle giants”. Bloodhounds are typically good-natured and get along well with children and other pets. Despite their large size, Bloodhounds have a moderate exercise requirement but should be exercised in a secure area due to their tracking instincts and tendency to follow scents.

They can adapt to apartment living if provided with sufficient exercise and mental stimulation. Bloodhounds are adaptable to various living environments but require space to move around comfortably. They are generally more suited for homes with a securely fenced yard where they can explore and follow scents in a controlled environment. They thrive in homes with patient and dedicated owners who can provide them with the training, exercise, and attention they need. Bloodhounds are a unique and lovable breed that can make wonderful family pets for those who appreciate their remarkable scent-tracking abilities and calm temperament.


The Dalmatian is an energetic breed of dog known for unique spots on its coat and its lively nature. Dalmatians have a long history that traces back several centuries. They were originally bred as carriage dogs and were used to accompany horse-drawn vehicles, guard horses, and serve as firehouse mascots. Dalmatians gained popularity due to their appearance in books, movies, and as firehouse mascots. They also have a history of working as hunting dogs, circus performers, and even as therapy dogs.

Dalmatians are friendly and social. They enjoy being part of the family. They can be playful and energetic, requiring regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom. Dalmatians can also be independent and stubborn at times, so consistent and positive training methods are important.

Dalmatians are an active breed that has a lot of energy and enjoy activities such as running, playing fetch, and participating in dog sports like agility. Dalmatians are intelligent dogs, but they can also be independent and strong-willed.

Dalmatians are a charismatic breed with a distinctive appearance and spirited personality. Dalmatians make loyal and loving pets, but they require proper training and socialization from an early age to ensure they develop into well-adjusted and obedient companions.


Beagles are a breed of dogs known for their friendly nature and intelligence. Beagles are popular worldwide for their outgoing, sociable nature and charming personality. Beagles are about 13 to 15 inches tall and weigh between 8 to 14 kg. They are often used as family pets, search and rescue, and as therapy dogs.

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Beagles are an active breed and have a lot of energy. They enjoy activities like daily walks, playtime, and exploring their surroundings. Beagles are intelligent but can sometimes be stubborn, so they need consistent and patient training. Known for their hunting instincts, they have a natural instinct to follow scents. Due to their strong sense of smell, it is important to keep them on a leash or in a securely fenced area when outdoors.

They are generally good with children and can get along well with other pets. Beagles are pack animals and enjoy the company of their human family. They may experience separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods.

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Taazakhabar News Bureau
Taazakhabar News Bureau
Taazakhabar News Bureau is a team of seasoned journalists led by Neeraj Mahajan. Trusted by millions readers worldwide.


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