Bengaluru has always been a rather unique real estate market. Heavily driven by IT/ITeS industries, it is nevertheless a city where most of the housing demand comes from end-users. The absence of more investors has historically kept the lid on housing price increases.
Residential Real Estate
It is also a city which, despite its dynamism, remains deficient in terms of public transport and road infrastructure. Nevertheless, compared to its other southern counterparts Chennai and Hyderabad, Bengaluru has so far had several advantages as far as housing activity is concerned.
Despite the pandemic, the city saw property prices rise by 2% – from INR 4,975 per sq. ft. in Q1 2020 to INR 5,060 per sq. ft. in Q1 2021. This was the highest price rise among the top 7 cities, and it happened primarily because the city continued to see steady growth in housing sales q-o-q.
Amidst restricted new supply, ANAROCK data reveals that Bengaluru saw total sales of approx. 8,670 units in the first quarter of 2021, while its unsold inventory declined by 7% in a year – from approx. 62,800 units in Q1 2020 to approx. 58,350 units in Q1 2021.
In Bengaluru, the affordable and mid-segments are driving residential demand. Given the good sales, developers saw it opportune to increase the average prices. Also, property prices in the city had remained range-bound in the past few years, and growth was long overdue.
Unfortunately, the reduction in stamp duty in Karnataka announced in March of 2021 was only for homes valued between INR 35 lakh to INR 45 lakh. This reduction has, so far, not given a significant boost to housing sales in Bengaluru on the lines seen in Mumbai and Pune.
This is because, albeit for a limited period, Maharashtra reduced stamp duty across all budget segments and not just one category. Housing demand in Bengaluru is skewed towards the mid-segment – properties priced within INR 50 lakh to INR 1 Crore budget. The stamp duty charges for this budget category have remained unchanged at approx. 5%. The Karnataka State government would do well to consider limited-period stamp duty cuts across all budget segments.
The Bangalore Development Authority may soon tie-up with developers to deploy its many huge land parcels for housing development. How much this will help the city will depend on the type of projects to be built. In states like Maharashtra, government land is primarily released for the development of affordable housing. However, in Bengaluru, the highest demand is for mid-range homes.
Office Real Estate
Bengaluru’s office real estate market has been under strain since the pandemic started. While there was some momentum seen in the first quarter of 2021, the second COVID-19 wave in the April-June quarter saw much of it eroded. For now, most IT/ITeS companies have extended the WFH option for now and are waiting for things to change in favour of the previous status quo.
Industry and ANAROCK data indicate that in 2021, over 7,400 leases accounting for approx. 90 Mn sq. ft. of commercial real estate area in the top 6 commercial real estate hubs – Bengaluru, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Gurugram and Noida – will be due for renewal this year. Moreover, when compared to the next two years (2022 and 2023) 2021 has the highest lease expiry pipeline. Of the 90 Mn sq. ft. area leases up for renewal in 2021, IT capital Bengaluru has the highest share at 37%.
That said, the IT/ITeS sectors – which are Bengaluru’s economic heartbeat – have been actively hiring new employees in the last two years. Factoring in the gradual return of employees and adoption of hybrid workplace practices by major IT/ITeS firms, Bengaluru’s office space demand is set for growth again as these companies will assuredly renew their leases.
The lack of adequate physical infrastructure facilities remains a challenge in Bengaluru. Despite it being the IT hub of the country, the city’s infrastructure is disproportionately weak when it comes to accommodating growth.
The unavailability of sufficient public transportation nodes in the form of metro and bus lines causes excessive usage of private vehicles, leading to Bengaluru’s legendary traffic congestion. While the COVID-19 pandemic has reduced vehicular traffic considerably, this is just a temporary respite.
Future developments on Government-owned land parcels will need the benefit of this hindsight. Any new housing projects developed there will need far better road and public transport support than what is currently available in Bengaluru.