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Where do the richest people in India live?

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According to Oxfam India’s 2023 report, just 5% of the richest people in India own more than 60% of the country’s wealth, while the bottom 50% possess only 3%. The richest 1% have seen their wealth grow significantly faster than the rest of the population. The report states that between 2012 and 2021, 40% of wealth generated went to just 1% of the population.

Here’s a breakdown of where India’s richest people reside:

States with the Most Rich List Entries:

  • Maharashtra: As of 2023 data, Maharashtra leads the pack with 391 individuals on the Hurun India Rich List, boasting a cumulative wealth exceeding ₹16,59,500 crore. Mumbai, the financial capital, houses a significant portion of these individuals.
  • Delhi: Following closely, Delhi claims 199 rich list entries, with a combined wealth of ₹16,59,500 crore. The national capital attracts wealth from diverse sectors like automobiles and auto components.
  • Gujarat: Home to 135 rich list entries with a cumulative wealth of ₹9,15,600 crore, Gujarat’s strong economy and business-friendly environment contribute to its appeal.
  • Uttar Pradesh: Despite not ranking within the top 3, Uttar Pradesh surprisingly holds 134 rich list entries, showcasing its growing economic potential.
  • Karnataka: This southern state houses 121 rich list entries, mainly concentrated in Bengaluru, a major tech hub.

Also Read: Where do the richest people in the world reside?

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Cities Attracting the Affluent:

  • Mumbai: This undisputed leader boasts 328 rich list entries, including the wealthiest individual in India, Mukesh Ambani. The city offers access to financial markets, diverse industries, and a luxurious lifestyle.
  • New Delhi: With 199 entries, the national capital attracts not only politicians and bureaucrats but also prominent business players.
  • Bengaluru: As India’s Silicon Valley, Bengaluru houses 100 rich list entries, primarily associated with the booming tech sector.
  • Hyderabad: This major city holds 87 entries, attracting wealth from pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and information technology.
  • Chennai: Home to 67 entries, Chennai’s established industries and infrastructure make it a desirable location for the affluent.

Factors Influencing Wealth Concentration:

Several factors contribute to wealth concentration in specific regions:

  • Economic Hubs: Cities like Mumbai, Delhi, and Bengaluru offer thriving economies, diverse industries, and access to resources, attracting entrepreneurs and investors.
  • Infrastructure and Lifestyle: Developed infrastructure, educational institutions, healthcare facilities, and cultural attractions enhance the quality of life for the wealthy.
  • Taxation: While India’s tax structure is uniform across states, some offer incentives for specific industries or economic zones, potentially influencing location choices.
  • Family Ties and Networks: Existing networks and family businesses can incentivize staying in certain regions, perpetuating wealth concentration.

Also Read: Where do the richest people in the world reside?

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Beyond the Numbers:

Understanding wealth distribution paints a partial picture. It’s crucial to consider:

  • Income Inequality: The stark contrast between the ultra-rich and the average citizen raises concerns about economic disparities and social mobility.
  • Infrastructure Disparity: While major cities enjoy developed infrastructure, it might not be evenly distributed across states, highlighting regional disparity.
  • Policy Implications: Understanding wealth concentration can inform policy decisions aiming to promote inclusive growth and address regional imbalances.


Wealth in India is concentrated in specific states and cities offering economic opportunities, infrastructure, and desired lifestyles. However, this concentration raises concerns about inequality and necessitates balanced development strategies for inclusive growth across the nation. Remember, this is just a glimpse into a complex topic, and further exploration can delve deeper into its nuances and implications.

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Neeraj Mahajan
Neeraj Mahajanhttps://n2erajmahajan.wordpress.com/
Neeraj Mahajan is a hard-core, creative and dynamic media professional with over 35 years of proven competence and 360 degree experience in print, electronic, web and mobile journalism. He is an eminent investigative journalist, out of the box thinker, and a hard-core reporter who is always hungry for facts. Neeraj has worked in all kinds of daily/weekly/broadsheet/tabloid newspapers, magazines and television channels like Star TV, BBC, Patriot, Sunday Observer, Sunday Mail, Network Magazine, Verdict, and Gfiles Magazine.


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